Hanuman Chalisa is the prayer in 40 verses written by Tulsidas. Each such verse is called a chaupai (means 4 legs) and each chaupai of the Chalisa has two lines each, the two always rhyme. The chalisa is sung in different tunes (more than 100) across the country.
The prayer has three parts - The preamble : The main body (chalisa) : The final request
The contents of Chalisa
Hanuman Chalisa is the essence of Sundar Kanda. The themes covered in the Hanuman Chalisa can be divided into the following categories:
Hanuman's Physique: He is
the symbol of muscular Hinduism. His physical strength is mentioned in verses
2,3,5 (the thunderbot mace), 9,10,11,18,19,23 and 24. The chalisa repeatedly
mentions the halo that surrounds the deity's entire body (tej). The
good are awe-struck by it while evil people find it scary. Verse 23 alludes to
the ferocity of Hanuman's anger. Verse 9 and 10 tells the power of Hanuman to
transform himself physically.
Hanuman's Intelligence: The first verse says that Hanuman is a sea of wisdom and virtue. Verse 7 reiterates these two qualities. Verse 16 hints at his negotiating skills and the next verse speaks of the excellence of his advice.
Beloved of the Gods: Verses 13,14 and 15 tells how the gods sang paeans in praise of Hanuman.
His heroic acts: Verses 18 and 19 recount the incidents of the sun and the signet ring respectively showing his heroic deeds.
Love for Ram: Verses 7 and 8 tells how intensely Hanuman loved his Lord Ram. Verses 12,13, 21 and 32 show the relationship between Ram and Hanuman.
Hanuman and Sita: Verse 31 tell the Boons grated to Hanuman by Sita.
Hanuman as the mediator: Verses 21 and 33 show the way to attain Sri Ram through Hanuman.
Hanuman's humility: Verse 9 tells the humility when he met Mother Sita.
Hanuman's blessings: Verses 20,22,24,25,26 and 36 remind that Hanuman is a remover of adversities (sankat mochan) for his devotees.
Hanuman's parentage: The Chalisa mentions the patronage to Hanuman by his father Kesari, Lord of Wind (Vayu) and Lord Shiv (Hanuman is considered as the 11th incarnation of Lord Shiv)
Praise of Hanuman: Verses 29, 35 and 36 is in sheer praise of Hanuman.
When the Chalisa should be chanted?
The Hanuman Chalisa should be recited at least once in a week (Tuesdays or Saturdays). Early morning and after the sunset are the favoured times. It is recommended to recite the Chalisa 11 times (Hanuman being the 11th incarnation of Lord Shiv). Some recite the prayer everyday, normally before setting out for work.
Tulsidas suggested that the Hanuman Chalisa should be recited a hundred times in order to obtain special benefits and in special occasions - serious illness, important examinations, major hurdles etc..
The Chalisa is invariably recited before reading Ramayan because the best way to reach Sri Ram is through Hanuman. Hanuman is believed to be present wherever the story of Rama is told. See also 108 Names of Hanuman. Stories of Hanuman, Hanuman Gita, Rare forms of Hanuman, Strange Tales & Beliefs, Miracle and Beliefs
Charan Saroj Raj, Nij Man Mukar Sudhari,
Barnau Raghuvar Bimal Jasu, Jo dayaku Phal Chari
After cleansing the mirror of my mind with the dust of holy Guru's Lotus feet. I Profess the untainted glory of Shri Raghuvar which bestows the four-fold fruits of life (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha).
Tanu Janike, Sumirow, Pavan Kumar,
Bal Buddhi Vidya Dehu Mohi, Harahu Kalesh Bikaar
Fully aware of the deficiency of my intelligence, I concentrate my attention on Pavan Kumar and humbly ask for strength, intelligence and true knowledge to relieve me of all blemishes, causing pain.
Hanuman Gyan Guna Sagar
Jai Kipis Tihun Lok Ujgaar
Victory of Thee, O Hanuman, Ocean of wisdom and virtue, victory to the Lord of monkeys who is well known in all the three worlds
Ramdoot Atulit Bal Dhamaa,
Anjani Putra Pavansut naamaa.
You, the Divine messager of Ram and repository of immeasurable strength, are also known as Anjaniputra and known as the son of the wind - Pavanputra.
Mahebeer Bikram Bajrangi,
Kumati Nivaar Sumati Ke Sangi.
Oh Hanumanji! You are valiant and brave, with a body like lightening. You are the dispeller of darkness of evil thoughts and companion of good sense and wisdom.
Kanchan Baran Biraaj Subesaa,
Kanan kundal kunchit kesa.
Shri Hanumanji's physique is golden coloured. His dress is pretty, wearing 'Kundals' ear-rings and his hairs are long and curly.
Hath Bajra Aur Dhvaja
Kandhe Moonj Janeu saage.
Shri Hanumanji is holding in one hand a lighting bolt and in the other a banner with sacred thread across his shoulder.
Shankar Suvna Kesari
Tej Pratap Maha Jag Vandan.
Oh Hanumanji! You are the emanation
of 'SHIVA' and you delight Shri Keshri. Being ever effulgent, you and hold vast
sway over the universe. The entire world proptiates. You are adorable of all.
Vidyavaan Guni Ati
Ram Kaj Karibe Ko Atur.
Oh! Shri Hanumanji! You are the repository learning, virtuous, very wise and highly keen to do the work of Shri Ram,
Sunibe Ko Rasiya,
Ram Lakhan Sita man basyia.
Oh! Shri Hanuman you are never tired of hearing the virtues of Sri Ram. In your heart dwell ram,lakshman and Hanuman.
Sukshma roop Dhari
Bikat roop Dhari Lank Jarawa.
You appeared before Sita in a
diminutive form and spoke to her, while you assumed an awesome form and struck
terror by setting Lanka on fire.
Bhim roop Dhari Asur
Ramchandra Ke kaaj Savare.
He, with his terrible form, killed
demons in Lanka and performed all acts of Shri Ram.
Laye Sajivan Lakhan
Shri Raghubir harashi ur laye.
When Hanumanji made Lakshman alive
after bringing 'Sanjivni herb' Shri Ram took him in his deep embrace, his heart
full of joy.
Raghupati Kinhi Bahut
Tum Mama Priya Bharat Sam Bahi.
Shri Ram lustily extolled Hanumanji's excellence and remarked, "you are as dear to me as my own brother Bharat"
Sahastra Badan Tumharo Jas Gaave,
Asa kahi Shripati Kanth Laagave.
Shri Ram embraced Hanumanji saying:
"Let the thousand - tongued sheshnaag sing your glories"
Narad Sarad Sahit Aheesa.
Sanak and the sages, saints. Lord Brahma, the great hermits Narad and Goddess Saraswati along with Sheshnag the cosmic serpent, fail to sing the glories of Hanumanji exactly.
Jam Kuber Digpal Jahan Te,
Kabi Kabid Kahin Sake Kahan Te.
What to talk of denizens of the earth like poets and scholars ones etc even Gods like Yamraj, Kuber, and Digpal fail to narrate Hanuman's greatness in toto.
Tum Upkar Sugrivahi Keenha,
Ram Miali Rajpad Deenha.
Hanumanji! You rendered a great service for Sugriva, It were you who united him with SHRI RAM and installed him on the Royal Throne.
Lankeshwar Bhaye Sab Jag Jaana.
By heeding your advice. Vibhushan
became Lord of Lanka, which is known all over the universe.Juug
Sahastra Jojan Par Bhaanu,
Leelyo Taahi Madhur Phal Jaanu.
Yuga Sahastra Jojana Para Bhaanu, Leelyo Taahi Madhura Phala Jaanu
Hanumanji gulped, the SUN at distance of sixteen thousand miles considering it to be a sweet fruit.
Prabhu Mudrika Meli Mukha Maaheen,
Jaladhi Langhi Gaye Acharaj Naheen.
Carrying the Lord's ring in his mouth, he went across the ocean. There is no wonder in that.
Durgam Kaaj Jagat Ke Jeete,
Sugam Anugrah Tumhre Te Te.
Oh Hanumanji! all the difficult tasks in the world are rendered easiest by your grace.
Ram Duware Tum Rakhavare,
Hot Na Aagya Bin Paisare.Sab Sukh Lahen Tumhari Sarna,
Oh Hanuman whever sri Ram glories are being sung. You are always at the doorway.
Sukh Lahen Tumhari Sarna,
Tum Rakshak Kaahu Ko Darnaa.
By your grace one can enjoy all happiness and one need not have any fear under your protection.
Aapan Tej Samharo Aapei,
Tanau Lok Hank Te Kanpei.
When you roar all the three worlds tremble and only you can control your might.
Bhoot Pisaach Nikat Nahi Avei,
Mahabir Jab Naam Sunavei.
Great Brave on. Hanumanji's name keeps all the Ghosts, Demons & evils spirits away from his devotees.
Nasei Rog Hare Sab Peera,
Japat Niranter Hanumant Beera.
On reciting Hanumanji's holy name regularly all the maladies perish the entire pain disappears.
Sankat Te Hanuman Chhudavei,
Man Kram Bachan Dhyan Jo Lavei.
Those who rembember Hanumanji in
thought, word and deed are well guarded against their odds in life.
Sub Par Ram Tapasvee
Tinke Kaaj Sakal Tum Saaja.
Oh Hanumanji! You are the caretaker
of even Lord Rama, who has been hailed as the Supreme Lord and the Monarch of
all those devoted in penances.
Aur Manorath Jo Koi
Soi Amit Jivan Phal Pave.
Oh Hanumanji! You fulfill the
desires of those who come to you and bestow the eternal nectar the highest fruit
Charo Juung Partap
Hai Parsiddha Jagat Ujiyara.
Oh Hanumanji! You magnificent glory
is acclaimed far and wide all through the four ages and your fame is radianlty
noted all over the cosmos.
Sadho Sant Ke Tum
Asur Nikandan Ram Dulare.
Oh Hanumanji! You are the saviour and the guardian angel of saints and sages and destroy all the Demons, you are the seraphic darling of Shri Ram.
Ashta Siddhi Nau Nidhi Ke Data,
Asa Bar Din Janki Mata.
Hanumanji has been blessed with mother Janki to grant to any one any YOGIC power of eight Sidhis and Nava Nidhis as per choice.
Ram Rasayan Tumhare
Sadaa Raho Raghupati Ke Dasa.
Oh Hanumanji! You hold the essence
of devotion to RAM, always remaining His Servant.
Tumhare Bhajan Ramko Pavei.
Janam Janam Ke Dukh Bisravei.
Oh Hanumanji! through devotion to
you, one comes to RAM and becames free from suffering of several lives.
Anta Kaal Raghubar
Jahan Janma Hari Bhakta Kahai.
After death he enters the eternal abode of Sri Ram and remains a devotee of him, whenever, taking new birth on earth.
Aur Devata Chitt Na
Hanumant Sei Sarva Sukh Karai.
You need not hold any other demigod in mind. Hanumanji alone will give all happiness.
Sankat Kate Mitey Sab
Jo Sumirei Hanumant Balbeera.
Oh Powerful Hanumanji! You end the
sufferings and remove all the pain from hose who remember you.
Jai Jai Jai Hanuman Gosai
Kripa Karahu Gurudev Ki Naiee.
beseech you Honour to bless me in the capacity of my supreme 'GURU' (teacher).
Jo Sat Baar Paath Kar
Chhutahi Bandi Maha Sukh Hoi.
One who recites this Hanuman Chalisa
one hundred times daily for one hundred days becames free from the bondage of
life and death and enjoys the highest bliss at last.
Jo Yah Padhe Hanuman
Hoy Siddhi Sakhi Gaurisa.
As Lord Shankar witnesses, all those
who recite Hanuman Chalisa regularly are sure to be benedicted.
Tulsidas Sada Hari
Keeje Nath Hriday Mah Dera.
Tulsidas always the servant of Lord
prays. "Oh my Lord! You enshrine within my heart.!
Pavan Tanay Sankat
Haran, Mangal Murti Roop.
Ram Lakhan Sita Sahit, Hriday Basahu Sur Bhoop.
Oh! conqueror of the
Wind, Destroyer of all miseries, you are a symbol of Auspiciousness. Along
with Shri Ram, Lakshman and Sita, reside in my heart.